Switzerland retained its number-one spot in the Global Innovation Index (GII) for the seventh consecutive year, according to the 2018 ranking published by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Again, Switzerland ranked first in various patent and IP-related indicators. It is among global leaders in high-tech manufacturing production, R&D spending and quality of local universities.
Meanwhile, Japan topped the list of quality of innovation in high-income economies, followed immediately by Switzerland.
Additionally, Japan ranks 1st in a number of input and output indicators, including gross domestic expenditure on R&D financed by business, patent families in two or more offices, patents by origin, PCT patent applications, and intellectual property receipts. The country was ranked 13th overall.
Furthermore, the Tokyo-Yokohama region of Japan again led the list of top science and technology clusters.